This is the smallest canton by population in Switzerland; it is the second smallest by area. It’s located in the north of Switzerland, and has an area of 173km2. This canton was split in 1597, to form Appenzell Innerrhoden the other half is Appenzell Ausserrhoden the split was due to religious reasons.
The capital of the canton is Appenzell; the constitution of Appenzell Innerrhoden was established in 1872. Although the canton is mountainous, most of it is pastoral.