The swiss history goes way back to 1500 BC, with evidence showing that hunters and gatherers resided in the area, during the Paleolithic period. The area was became densely populated during the Neolithic period, in most lakes around Switzerland remains of bronze age dwellings have been cited, this proves the long history.

The Raetians could be found on the eastern region while the Helvetii were found on the western side. In 1516, an alliance with France became the basis of the swiss policy, but this did not change much since for the next three centuries the swiss mercenary would continue to serve abroad.

Switzerland's History

Zwingli and Calvin further complicated matters, by the reformations he preached at Zurich and Geneva; this led to the spilt of the cantons which were going through feuds. Catholics from the four forest cantons, were involved in a war with the Protestants, the Catholics won the war, hence gaining the power to control the following cantons Lucerne, Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug, Fribourg, and Solothurn. In 1648 Switzerland’s gained its independence, in the Peace of Westphalia and its neutrality was recognized in 1815 in the treaty of Paris. By 1848, with new constitution in hand most of swiss cantons were now in unity socialist legislation was enacted.

After the war, Swiss authorities considered the construction of a Swiss nuclear bomb. Leading nuclear physicists at the Federal Institute of Technology such as Paul Scherrer made this a realistic possibility, and in 1958 the population clearly voted in favor of the bomb. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968 was seen as a valid alternative, however, and the bomb was never built.


From 1959, the Federal Council, elected by the parliament, is composed of members of the four major parties, the Protestant Free Democrats, the Catholic Christian Democrats, the left-wing Social Democrats and the right-wing People's Party, essentially creating a system without a sizeable parliamentary opposition reflecting the powerful position of an opposition in a Direct Democracy.

In 1963, Switzerland joined the Council of Europe. Women were granted the right to vote only in 1971, and an equal rights amendment was ratified in 1981. In 1979, parts of the canton of Berne attained independence, forming the new canton of Jura. Switzerland's role in many United Nations and international organizations, helped to mitigate the country's concern for neutrality.

In 2002, Switzerland was officially ratified as a member of the United Nations the only country joining after agreement by a popular vote. Switzerland is not a member state of the EU, but has been surrounded by EU territory since the joining of Austria in 1995. In 2005, Switzerland agreed to join the Schengen treaty and Dublin Convention by popular vote.
With the coming of the 20th century Switzerland experienced a lot of changes, from being a government of single party system to being a multi party system government. The economy prospered, many industries emerged, both domestic and international. From being a country that people did not want to be in to being a country that not only gets a lot of tourists, but also having a number of immigrants.





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